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22nd October 2019 Current Affairs

  1. Crime in India report for the year 2017.

The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) has recently released its annual ‘Crime in India’ report for the year 2017.

     Key Findings

A. Crime Registration and Rate:

  1. In 2017, there was an increase of 3.6% in registration of cases over 2016.
  2. Delhi witnessed the highest crime rate in the country with 1,050 Indian Penal Code (IPC) crime incidents per lakh of the city’s population.

B. Offences against the State:

There has been a 30% rise in incidents of offences against the state as compared to 2016.

  1. This category includes offences such as sedition, waging war against the country and damage to public property among others..
  2. Maximum offences were committed by the Left Wing Extremist (LWE) operatives, followed by North East insurgents and Terrorists (Jihadi and other elements).

C. Crime Against Women

  • The number of crimes committed against women increased by 6% over the year 2016.
  • Majority cases were registered under ‘Cruelty by Husband or His Relatives’ followed by ‘Assault on Women with Intent to Outrage her Modesty’.
  • The maximum cases were registered in Uttar Pradesh (UP) followed by Maharashtra and West Bengal

D. Cyber Crimes:

  1. Bengaluru topped the list among metropolitan cities across the country in terms of number of cybercrimes registered.
  2. Bengaluru was followed by Mumbai and Jaipur.

E. Riots:

  1. Out of the total 58,880 incidents of rioting reported, communal and sectarian riots accounted for 723 and 183 incidents respectively.
  2. There were 805 riots due to caste conflict and 1909 riots due to political reasons.
  3. Maximum incidents were reported from Bihar, followed by Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.

F. Crime against SC/STs:

  1. The incidents registered under the Scheduled Caste Prevention of Atrocities Act saw an increase from 5,082 incidents reported in 2016 to 5,775 in 2017.
  2. Incidents of crime related to Scheduled Tribes dipped from 844 in 2016 to 720 in 2017.
  • TechSagar

The National Cyber Security Coordinator’s office and the Data Security Council of India (DSCI) has launched ‘TechSagar’, an online portal of India’s technological capability.

  1. To provide strategies for developing advanced technologies in India like Artificial intelligence, IOT 
  2. It will be frequently updated with new entities and information to maintain its relevance and usefulness.
  3. TechSagar will facilitate new opportunities for businesses and academia to collaborate, connect and innovate in the future.
  • BHIM 2.0
  1. The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) has launched a new version of of Bharat Interface for Money (BHIM) app i.e. BHIM 2.0.
  2. BHIM app that was developed by the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) was launched in December, 2016.
  3. It is a Unified Payment Interface (UPI) that allows real time fund transfer.
  4. Under BHIM 2.0, the existing cap of Rs. 20,000 has been increased to Rs. 1,00,000 from verified merchants.
  5. Other features include a ‘donation’ gateway, linking multiple bank accounts, option of applying in Initial Public Offering (IPO), gifting money, etc.
  • Credit Suisse Global Wealth Report
  1. According to the Credit Suisse Global Wealth Report, India’s total household wealth grew by 5.2% (in dollar terms).
  2. India remained one of the fastest wealth creators in the world, with household wealth (in dollar terms) growing faster than any other region.
  3. In India, net wealth per adult grew at 3.3%, sharply slower than the average 11% growth rate reported in the last 20 years (up to 2019).
  • Van Allen Probes mission
  1. NASA recently decommissioned its 7-year-old Van Allen Probes mission.
  2. It consists of 2 satellites in Van Allen belts to study space weather and the radiation belts around the Earth.
  3. Van Allen radiation belts are giant swaths of magnetically trapped, highly energetic charged particles that surround earth.
  4. The mission studied how these radiation rings acquire and lose electromagnetic particles.
  5. James Van Allen, a physicist at the University of Iowa, discovered these radiation belts in 1958.
  • IMNEX-2019
  1. It is India Myanmar Naval Exercise going to be held in Visakhapatnam.
  2. To cooperate in maintain maritime security.
  • Siachen Glacier
  1. Recently, the Siachen Glacier area of Ladakh has been declared open for tourists by the Government of India.
  2. Siachen, the world’s highest battlefield was closed 35 years ago for civilians.
  3. The announcement came while the inauguration of ‘Col Chewang Rinchen Setu. It is built over River Shyok, which connects Durbuk and Daulat Beg Oldie in Eastern Ladakh.
  4. The location of the bridge is sandwiched between strategic Karakoram and Chang Chenmo ranges.430-meter Bridge built at an altitude of about 15,000 feet using Micro Piling Technology.
    NOTE: Micro piles are a deep foundation element constructed using high-strength, small-diameter steel casing and/or threaded bar.
  5. The bridge is built by Border Roads Organization (BRO).

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