Sarat Chandra IAS Academy

Current Affairs – 3rd September2023



Today’s Topics List:

  1. Mangri Orang – Assam’s unsung hero

  2. Governor Vs Government: The Case of Bihar and West Bengal.

  3. Rodent catching glue traps

  4. Aditya L1 lifts off to study the Sun

  5. Payloads onboard Aditya L1 Satellite.



Mangri Orang – Assam’s unsung hero

    • The North East Regional Centre (NERC) of the Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA) staged Malati Mem, a multi lingual play based on the life and the revolutionary zeal of Mangri Orang, an Adivasi with roots in Central India.
      • Fellow plantation workers used to call her Malati Mem, the second word being a shorter form of memsahib.

Mangri Orang

  • Mangri Orang is an unsung hero of India’s struggle for freedom from British rule.
    • She was gunned down in 1921 for leading a fight against foreign liquor and opium pushed during the colonial period.
    • She is said to be the first female martyr of India’s freedom movement.



Governor Vs Government: The Case of Bihar and West Bengal.

West Bengal:

  • West Bengal Governor C V Ananda Bose decided to discharge the duties of interim vice chancellors (V-Cs) of all universities where full-time V-Cs are yet to be appointed.

Governor’s Office:

  • It is observed that Students of a few State Universities, where V C posts are vacant, are facing difficulties in obtaining degree certificates and other documents.
  • To provide relief, The Governor in his capacity as the chancellor has decided to discharge the duties of V-Cs
  • None of the 31 State – run Universities has a full time VC, and in most Universities the Governor has appointed academicians as officiating V-Cs.


  • Education Minister says this is a dangerous situation, as Governor without any consultation with the Government and bypassing the Chief Minister, has appointed officiating V-Cs not only from State but also from outside.


  • V-Cs of Bihar State Universities are asked to take orders only from the Governor.
    • Principal Secretary to the Governor, wrote to the V-Cs that obeying orders of anyone other than Raj Bhavan or the Governor’s Secretariat is not compatible with their autonomy.
    • This is creating confusion illegally and recalcitrantly and undermining the established autonomy of the University administration.


Rodent catching glue traps

    • The Arunachal Pradesh government has prohibited the Statewide manufacture, sale and use of gle traps for catching rats.
      • It was followed from the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) India.
      • Animal Welfare Board of India to impose the ban on glue traps.
    • The notification also said that the use of glue traps violates the provisions of The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960.
      • As they increase the suffering of small animals that get trapped on sticky boards.



Aditya L1 lifts off to study the Sun

    • India’s first solar observatory mission — Aditya-L1— was launched by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
      • The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), in its 59th flight with the Aditya-L1 onboard, took off from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota.

About Aditya L1

  • This was among the longest flights of ISRO’s workhorse launch vehicle in recent times.
  • Aditya-L1 will stay in orbit around Earth for 16 days during which it will undergo five manoeuvres to gain the necessary velocity for its long journey towards the sun.
  • Aditya-L1 will undergo a Trans-Lagrangian1 insertion manoeuvre, marking the beginning of its 110-day trajectory to the destination around the L1 Lagrange point.
    • Upon arrival at the L1 point, another manoeuvre binds Aditya-L1 to an orbit around L1, a balanced gravitational location between the earth and the sun.
  • The spacecraft will perform orbital manoeuvres by using its Liquid Apogee Motor (LAM) engine to reach L1.
    • Aditya-L1 will stay approximately 1.5 million km away from earth, directed towards the sun, which is about 1% of the earth-sun distance.
    • Aditya-L1 has a mission life of five years during which its payloads are expected to provide the most crucial information to understand the problem of,
      • coronal heating;
      • coronal mass ejection;
      • pre-flare and flare activities and their characteristics;
      • dynamics of space weather; and
      • propagation of particles and fields.


Payloads onboard Aditya L1 Satellite.

    • The seven payloads onboard Aditya-L1 are: 
      • Visible Emission Line Coronagraph (VELC);
      • Solar Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (SUIT);
      • Solar Low Energy X-ray Spectrometer (SoLEXS);
      • High Energy L1 Orbiting X-ray Spectrometer (HEL1OS);
      • Aditya Solar wind Particle Experiment (ASPEX);
      • Plasma Analyser Package For Aditya (PAPA); and
      • Advanced Tri-axial High Resolution Digital Magnetometers.

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