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Sarat Chandra IAS Academy

Important Terms in 12th September -2020 News


Index of Industrial Production:

  • The Index of Industrial Production (IIP) is an index that shows the growth rates in different industry groups of the economy in a fixed period of time.
  • It is compiled and published monthly by the Central Statistical Organization (CSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
  • IIP is a composite indicator that measures the growth rate of industry groups classified under:
    -Broad sectors, namely, Mining, Manufacturing, and Electricity.
    -Use-based sectors, namely Basic Goods, Capital Goods, and Intermediate Goods.
  • Base Year for IIP is 2011-2012



  • The National Investigation Agency (NIA) was constituted under the National Investigation Agency (NIA) Act, 2008.
  • It is a central agency to investigate and prosecute offences:
    -affecting the sovereignty, security and integrity of India, security of State, friendly relations with foreign States.
    -against atomic and nuclear facilities.
    -smuggling in High-Quality Counterfeit Indian Currency.
  • It implements international treaties, agreements, conventions and resolutions of the United Nations, its agencies and other international organisations.
  • It’s objective is also to combat terror in India.
  • It acts as the Central Counter-Terrorism Law Enforcement Agency.



  • The Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) is the regulatory body in the field of Civil Aviation, primarily dealing with safety issues.
  • It is responsible for regulation of air transport services to/from/within India and for enforcement of civil air regulations, air safety, and airworthiness standards.
  • The DGCA also co-ordinates all regulatory functions with the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO).


INS Khanderi:

  • It is a part of six Scorpene submarines manufactured by Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL).
  • The other submarines in Scorpene Class are INS Kalvari joined service in December 2017.
  • Karanj which is in advanced stage of trials and could be ready for induction by year end.
  • The remaining submarines(Vela, Vagir, and Vagsheer) in the series are in advanced stages of manufacturing and trials.
  • Indian Navy has two Nuclear-powered submarines Arihant class(India) & Chakra class(Russia); 14 Diesel-electric submarines 4 German HDW(Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft) class, 9 Sindhughosh class(Kilo Class)(Indo-Russian), & 1 Kalvari class(Indo-French).

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