Sarat Chandra IAS Academy

Important Terms in 16th August-2020 News

 

National rural livelihood mission

The core values which guide all the activities under NRLM are as follows:

  • Inclusion of the poorest, and meaningful role to the poorest in all the processes
  • Transparency and accountability of all processes and institutions
  • Ownership and key role of the poor and their institutions in all stages – planning, implementation, and monitoring
  • Community self-reliance and self-dependence

Maternal mortality rates

  • MMR is defined as the number of maternal deaths during a given time period per 1,00,000 live births during the same time period.
  • The target 3.1 of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set by the United Nations aims at reducing the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 1,00,000 live births.

National Digital Health Mission

  • The National Digital Health Mission (NDHM) aims at “liberating” citizens from the challenges of finding the right doctors, seeking appointment, paying consultation fee and making several rounds of hospitals for prescription sheets.
  • The core building blocks of NDHM such as Health ID, Digi-Doctor and Health Facility Registry shall be owned, operated and maintained by the Government of India.
  • Private stakeholders will have an equal opportunity to integrate with these building blocks and create their own products.
  • However, core activities and verifications, for example, generation of Health ID or approval of a doctor/facility shall remain with the government.

UN Security Council

  • The United Nations Charter established six main organs of the United Nations, including the Security Council.
  • It gives primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security to the UNSC, which may meet whenever peace is threatened.
  • It has 15 members, and each Member has one vote.
  • Out of the 15 members, 5 are permanent and 10 are non-permanent members with 2-year tenure.
  • Only the UNSC has the power to make decisions that member states are then obligated to implement under the Charter.
  • It dispatches military operations, imposes sanctions, mandates arms inspections, deploys election monitors, etc.

Kuki tribe

  • Kuki tribe is majorly found in Manipur with other states of North Eastern India.
  • ‘Mim Kut’ is the main festival of the Kuki tribe.
  • The Chin-Kuki group consists of Gangte, Hmar, Paite, Thadou, Vaiphei, Zou, Aimol, Chiru, Koireng, Kom, Anal, Chothe, Lamgang, Koirao, Thangal, Moyon and Monsang.
  • The term Chin is used for the people in the neighboring Chin state of Myanmar whereas Chins are called Kukis in the Indian side.
  • Other groups like Paite, Zou, Gangte, and Vaiphei identify themselves as Zomi and have distanced themselves from the name, Kuki.

Hindu Succession Act of 1956 amended in 2005

  • The amendment was to confer equal status to sons and daughters of coparceners. Prior to this, coparcenary rights were granted only to sons of a coparcener.
  • As long as the property remained coparcenary property and was not partitioned as of this date, a daughter can now claim interest in the same.
  • A member (wife), who is only entitled to maintenance and would not be granted any inheritance rights or the right to seek partition in the coparcenary.
  • A coparcener is one who acquires rights to their father’s property upon birth and can claim a partition of the coparcenary at any time.

 

 

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