Sarat Chandra IAS Academy

Important Terms in 22nd September -2020 News


Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices:

  • The CACP works under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, formed in 1965. It is a statutory body.
  • Currently, the Commission comprises a Chairman, Member Secretary, one Member (Official) and two Members (Non-Official).
    -The non-official members are representatives of the farming community and usually have an active association with the farming community.
  • It is mandated to recommend Minimum Support Prices (MSPs) to incentivize the cultivators to adopt modern technology, and raise productivity and overall grain production.
  • CACP submits separate reports recommending prices for Kharif and Rabi seasons.


Mission Purvodaya:

  • Purvodaya in the steel sector is aimed at driving accelerated development of Eastern India through the establishment of an integrated steel hub.
  • It is expected that out of the 300 MT capacity by 2030-31, over 200 MT can come from this region alone, driven by Industry 4.0.
  • The Integrated Steel Hub, encompassing Odisha, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal and Northern Andhra Pradesh, would serve as a torchbearer for socio-economic growth of Eastern India.


Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group:

  • The classification among tribes was adopted by the Government of India (GoI) after the Dhebar Commission (1960-1961) stated that within the Scheduled Tribes there existed an inequality in the rate of development.
  • During the 4th Five Year Plan (1969-74), a sub-category was created within Scheduled Tribes to identify groups at a lower level of development. This sub-category was called “Primitive tribal group”, which is now PVTG.


Poverty and Human Development Monitoring Agency:

  • PHDMA has been created as an agency registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
  • It is under the administrative control of the Planning & Convergence Department, Odisha Government.



  • Neutrinos are subatomic fundamental particles, with no charge and little or zero mass that interacts only via the weak subatomic force and gravity.
  • Neutrinos are created by various radioactive decays; during a supernova, by cosmic rays striking atoms etc.
  • They are considered mass less according to the Standard Model of Particle Physics.
  • However recent experiments indicate that these charge-neutral fundamental particles have finite but small mass which is unknown. Also, different species (or flavours ) of neutrinos seem to mix and oscillate into one another as they traverse through the cosmos


Komodo dragons:

  • Komodo dragons are the largest and heaviest lizards on Earth. They have long, flat heads with rounded snouts, scaly skin, bowed legs, and huge, muscular tails.
  • Komodo dragons can eat almost anything, including invertebrates, birds, and mammals like deer, pigs, and even large water buffalo.
  • Komodo dragons have thrived in the harsh climate of Indonesia’s Lesser Sunda Islands for millions of years. They prefer the islands’ tropical forests but can be found across the islands.
  • Komodo National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is situated in the Island of Komodo (eastern Indonesia) and is the only habitat for this lizard species.
  • IUCN Status: Vulnerable.
  • CITES: Appendix I. (The commercial trading of live specimens or any parts, dead or alive of Komodo is prohibited.)
  • In August 2019, the Indonesian government ordered the relocation of the residents of the Island of Komodo in a bid to conserve Komodo dragons and the Komodo National Park.



  • Medicanes are tropical-like cyclones formed over the Mediterranean Sea.
  • With the surrounding dry climate and the relatively shallow waters of the sea, the occurrence of tropical-like cyclones is infrequent.
  • They typically form in the fall or winter months and occur once or twice a year


National Neutrino Collaboration group (NNCG):

  • It includes more than 50 scientists from about 15 Institutes and Universities in India and is tasked with detailing various aspects related to INO activity and come up with a proposal for an underground neutrino laboratory.
  • Funded by : Dept. of Atomic Energy (DAE) and the Dept. of Science and Technology (DST).
  • Objectives: INO will observe neutrinos and antineutrinos produced in the atmosphere of the Earth. Over the years this underground facility is expected to develop into a full-fledged underground science laboratory for other studies in physics, biology, geology, hydrology etc.


Bonda tribe:

  • The Bonda (also known as the Bondo, Bondo Poraja, Bhonda, or Remo) are a Munda ethnic group who live in the isolated hill regions of the Malkangiri district of southwestern Odisha, India, near the junction of the three states of Odisha, Chhattisgarh, and Andhra Pradesh.
  • In Bonda society, the women enjoy a privileged position.
  • The unfree labour or Goti system in India is known as Gufam by the Bonda people. According to Pati, a male bonded labour is called Gufam-Rem whereas a female laborer is a Gufam-Boy.
  • Bonda people are often led to bonded labour through marriage, also known as diosing.


Didayi Tribe:

  • The Didayi belongs to the Proto-Australoid racial stock.
  • They speak a language which has been included under Austroasiatic language family.
  • The Didayi as a Scheduled Tribe group is confined to Orissa State only and found nowherelese in our country.
  • They may be labeled as an humble people of the Eastern Ghats

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