Sarat Chandra IAS Academy

Important Terms in 28th August-2020 News

 

GST:

  • The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a value-added tax levied on most goods and services sold for domestic consumption.
  • The GST is paid by consumers, but it is remitted to the government by the businesses selling the goods and services.
  • Article 246A – States have power to tax goods and services.

 

Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups:

  • PVTGs are more vulnerable among the tribal groups.
  • Due to this factor, more developed and assertive tribal groups take a major chunk of the tribal development funds because of which PVTGs need more funds directed for their development.
  • PVTGs have some basic characteristics – they are mostly homogeneous, with a small population, relatively physically isolated, absence of written language, relatively simple technology and a slower rate of change etc.

 

Jarawan tribe:

  • The Jarawan tribe is located in Andaman Islands, India, which are found in the Indian Ocean.
  • They live in the Jarawa reserve in homes called chaddhas, which houses around 40-50 people.
  • The Jarawa tribe is a self sufficient tribe living in a woodland area their ancestors inherited.
  • The Jarawas are recognised as an Adivasi group in India.
  • As the Jarawas are a nomadic tribe; they hunt endemic wild pigs, monitor lizards and other quarry with bows and arrows. They have recently begun keeping dogs to help with hunting, as the Onges and Andamanese do.

 

PM-CARES Fund:

  • The fund receives voluntary contributions from individuals and organisations and does not get any budgetary support.
  • It is also exempt from the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010.
  • This fund accepts foreign contributions, although the Centre has previously refused foreign aid to deal with disasters such as the Kerala floods.
  • The Prime Minister chairs the fund in his official capacity, and can nominate three eminent persons in relevant fields to the Board of Trustees.

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