- The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a value-added tax levied on most goods and services sold for domestic consumption.
- The GST is paid by consumers, but it is remitted to the government by the businesses selling the goods and services.
- Article 246A – States have power to tax goods and services.
Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups:
- PVTGs are more vulnerable among the tribal groups.
- Due to this factor, more developed and assertive tribal groups take a major chunk of the tribal development funds because of which PVTGs need more funds directed for their development.
- PVTGs have some basic characteristics – they are mostly homogeneous, with a small population, relatively physically isolated, absence of written language, relatively simple technology and a slower rate of change etc.
- The Jarawan tribe is located in Andaman Islands, India, which are found in the Indian Ocean.
- They live in the Jarawa reserve in homes called chaddhas, which houses around 40-50 people.
- The Jarawa tribe is a self sufficient tribe living in a woodland area their ancestors inherited.
- The Jarawas are recognised as an Adivasi group in India.
- As the Jarawas are a nomadic tribe; they hunt endemic wild pigs, monitor lizards and other quarry with bows and arrows. They have recently begun keeping dogs to help with hunting, as the Onges and Andamanese do.
- The fund receives voluntary contributions from individuals and organisations and does not get any budgetary support.
- It is also exempt from the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010.
- This fund accepts foreign contributions, although the Centre has previously refused foreign aid to deal with disasters such as the Kerala floods.
- The Prime Minister chairs the fund in his official capacity, and can nominate three eminent persons in relevant fields to the Board of Trustees.