Sarat Chandra IAS Academy

Important Terms in 28th August-2020 News



  • The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a value-added tax levied on most goods and services sold for domestic consumption.
  • The GST is paid by consumers, but it is remitted to the government by the businesses selling the goods and services.
  • Article 246A – States have power to tax goods and services.


Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups:

  • PVTGs are more vulnerable among the tribal groups.
  • Due to this factor, more developed and assertive tribal groups take a major chunk of the tribal development funds because of which PVTGs need more funds directed for their development.
  • PVTGs have some basic characteristics – they are mostly homogeneous, with a small population, relatively physically isolated, absence of written language, relatively simple technology and a slower rate of change etc.


Jarawan tribe:

  • The Jarawan tribe is located in Andaman Islands, India, which are found in the Indian Ocean.
  • They live in the Jarawa reserve in homes called chaddhas, which houses around 40-50 people.
  • The Jarawa tribe is a self sufficient tribe living in a woodland area their ancestors inherited.
  • The Jarawas are recognised as an Adivasi group in India.
  • As the Jarawas are a nomadic tribe; they hunt endemic wild pigs, monitor lizards and other quarry with bows and arrows. They have recently begun keeping dogs to help with hunting, as the Onges and Andamanese do.



  • The fund receives voluntary contributions from individuals and organisations and does not get any budgetary support.
  • It is also exempt from the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010.
  • This fund accepts foreign contributions, although the Centre has previously refused foreign aid to deal with disasters such as the Kerala floods.
  • The Prime Minister chairs the fund in his official capacity, and can nominate three eminent persons in relevant fields to the Board of Trustees.

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