Sarat Chandra IAS Academy

Important Terms in 6th September -2020 News

 

International criminal court:

  • The International Criminal Court (ICC), located in The Hague, is the court of last resort for prosecution of genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity.
  • It is the first permanent, treaty based, international criminal court established to help end impunity for the perpetrators of the most serious crimes of concern to the international community.
  • Its founding treaty, the Rome Statute, entered into force on July 1, 2002.
  • Funding: Although the Court’s expenses are funded primarily by States Parties, it also receives voluntary contributions from governments, international organisations, individuals, corporations and other entities.

 

DNA:

  • DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the inherited material found in every single living creature.
  • The deoxyribonucleic acid in an individual’s chromosomes controls a variety of visible characteristics and invisible characteristics.
  • Visible characteristics include race, coloring and sex. An invisible characteristic includes blood groups and susceptibility to inherited diseases.

 

FDI:

  • Foreign direct investment (FDI) is an investment made by a company or an individual in one country into business interests located in another country. FDI is an important driver of economic growth.
  • FDI is when a foreign entity acquires ownership or controlling stake in the shares of a company in one country, or establishes businesses there.

 

Zilla parishad:

  • Zila Parishad is at the apex, being the third tier of the Panchayati Raj System. It is situated at the district level.
  • Zila Parishad also has a term of 5 years. Some of its members are directly elected and the Chairpersons of the Panchayat Samitis are ex-officio members. MPs and MLAs belonging to the district are also the members of Zila Parishad.
  • Chairperson of the Zila Parishad is elected from the directly elected members.
  • Not less than 1/3rd of the offices and seats are reserved for the women members.
  • Seats are also reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.

 

 

 

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