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UPSC Civil Services Daily Current Affairs 14th June 2022





Retail inflation eases to 7.04%.

GS III Indian economy

India is expanding its nuclear arsenal: SIPRI

GSII Important International Institutions.

Centre to boost supply of fortified rice.

GSIII: Food Processing

New norms for sentence remission

GSII Aspects of Governance.





Retail inflation eases to 7.04%


India’s retail inflation eased marginally to 7.04% in May from the nearly eight year high of 7.79% in April.

  • Inflation faced by rural consumers fell to 7.01% in May from 8.38% in April.
  • Households in urban areas, the pace of price rise was virtually flat month on month, moving from 7.09% in April to 7.08% in May.
  • Food price inflation, which had hit a 17month high of 8.31% in April, eased a little to 7.97% in May.
Still Problems we are facing:
  • However, the Consumer Food Price Index surged further for urban India to 8.2% in May from 8.09% in April.
  • A sharp rise in tomato prices, along with hardening potato prices, raised the inflation in vegetables, even as wheat and rice prices climbed to keep cereals inflation elevated.
  • CARE Ratings said food remained the main inflation driver, with a nearly 50% contribution.
Steps taken by government to tackle Inflation:
  • Lowering of excise duties on fuel products by the Centre.
  • Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has raised key interest rates by 90 basis points since April.
  • RBI has projected an average inflation rate of 7.5% for the first quarter of 2022-23.
  • Rise in crude oil prices (conflict between Russia and Ukraine)
  • The Indian rupee’s depreciation (The rupee closed at an all time low recently )
  • These two reasons are posing upside risks to the June 2022 retail inflation.
  • Food inflation was high with edible oils, spices and vegetables pushing it up and there is unlikely to be respite any time soon on these items
  • Food grain prices may inch up even if there is a good harvest after the significant increase in minimum support prices for the Kharif crop
  • Three subcategories of food items clocked a further escalation vegetables, meat and fish, and milk products.
  • Supply side constraints are likely to keep prices high for long despite tightening monetary policy.


India is expanding its nuclear arsenal: SIPRI


India had 160 nuclear warheads as on January 2022 and it appears to be expanding its nuclear arsenal, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), a defence think tank, said on 13-06-2022.

  • While India’s nuclear stockpile increased from 156 in January 2021 to 160 in January 2022
  • China had 350 nuclear warheads in January 2021 and 2022.
  • China is in the middle of a substantial expansion of its nuclear weapon arsenal, which satellite images indicate includes the construction of over 300 new missile silos.
  • Pakistan’s nuclear stockpile has remained at 165.
  • Pakistan appear to be expanding its nuclear arsenals, and country introduced and continued to develop new types of nuclear delivery system in 2021.
About SIPRI: (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute)
  • The SIPRI is an independent international institute dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament.
  • It was established in 1966 in Stockholm (Sweden)
  • SIPRI’s vision is a world in which sources of insecurity are identified and understood, conflicts are prevented or resolved, and peace is sustained.
SIPRI’s mission is to:
  • Undertake research and activities on security, conflict and peace
  • Provide policy analysis and recommendations
  • Facilitate dialogue and build capacities
  • Promote transparency and accountability


Centre to boost supply of fortified rice


Centre had started the second phase of distribution of fortified rice from April 1. A total of 90 districts have been covered, and the Centre is targeting 291 districts.

  • Aims to supply fortified rice to beneficiaries of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) and the Pradhan Mantri Poshan Shakti Nirman, or PM-POSHAN, scheme.
  • Food Corporation of India (FCI) had procured about 90 lakh tonnes of fortified rice and about 2.2 lakh tonnes had been supplied to 90 districts in 16 States.
  • Productivity of labour may decreases.
  • Illness and death.
  • The country lost about 1% of GDP from anaemia.
Food Fortification and its benefits
  • Food Fortification is a scientifically proven, cost-effective, scalable and sustainable global intervention that addresses the issue of micronutrient deficiencies.
  • Fortifying staples namely Wheat Flour and Rice (with Iron, Vitamin B12 and Folic Acid), Milk and Edible Oil (with Vitamins A and D) and Double Fortified Salt (with Iodine and Iron).
  • Reduce the high burden of micronutrient malnutrition in India.
  • Reduce Anaemia in women.
  • Provide one hot cooked meal in Government and Government-aided schools.
  • The scheme replaced the national programme for mid-day meal in schools or Mid-day Meal Scheme.
  • It has been launched for an initial period of five years (2021-22 to 2025-26)
  • The scheme has a provision for supplementary nutrition for children in aspirational districts and those with high prevalence of anaemia.
  • Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) system for providing compensation to the cooks and helpers working under the scheme.
  • TithiBhojan is a community participation programme in which people provide special food to children on special occasions/festivals under this scheme.
Nutritional Gardens:
  • Use of locally-grown nutritional food items will be encouraged from “school nutrition gardens” for boosting the local economic growth.


New norms for sentence remission


The Union Home Ministry on Monday issued a set of guidelines to the States and the Union Territories on the grant of special remission to prisoners to commemorate the 75th year of Independence.

  • As part of the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav celebrations, the special remission would be granted to a certain category of prisoners.
  • They would be released in three phases — August 15, 2022, January 26, 2023 and August 15, 2023.
  • The prisoners who would qualify for premature release are
  • Women and transgender convicts of ages 50 and above
  • Male convicts of 60 and above who have completed 50% of their total sentence period without counting the period of general remission earned.
Convicts with disabilities
  • Physically challenged or disabled convicts with 70% disability and more who have completed 50% of their total sentence Period.
Terminally ill convicts.
  • Convicted prisoners who have completed two thirds (66%) of their total sentence.
  • Poor or indigent prisoners who have completed their sentence but are still in jail due to non payment of fine imposed on them by waiving off the fine.
  • The Ministry said that persons who committed an offence at a young age (18-21) and with no other criminal involvement or case against them.
  • Who have completed 50% of their sentence period would also be eligible for the remission.
  • The age of the convicts should be determined on the basis of the matriculation or birth certificate.
Punishments would not be eligible for the grant of special remission:
  • Persons convicted with death sentence
  • Where death sentence has been commuted to life imprisonment
  • Persons convicted for an offence for which punishment of death
  • Persons convicted with sentence of life imprisonment,
  • Convicts involved in terrorist activities or persons convicted under the
  • Terrorist and Disruptive (Prevention) Act, 1985
  • Prevention of Terrorist Act, 2002,
  • Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967,
  • Explosives Act, 1908,
  • National Security Act,1982,
  • Official Secrets Act, 1923
  • Anti-Hijacking Act, 2016, would not be eligible.

UPSC Civil Services Daily Current Affairs 14th June 2022

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