DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS ANALYSIS
15APRIL 2022 – CA
|S. No.||Topic Name||Prelims/Mains|
|1.||ABOUT SVANIDHI SE SAMRIDDHI PROGRAM||Prelims & Mains|
|2.||DETAILS OF THE JALIANWALA BAGH MASSACRE||Prelims & Mains|
|3.||ABOUT BIRSA MUNDA||Prelims & Mains|
|4.||DETAILS OF JULIUS NYRERE||Prelims Specific Topic|
|5.||ABOUT THE RASHTRIYA GRAM SWARAJ ABHIYAAN||Prelims Specific Topic|
1 – ABOUT SVANIDHI SE SAMRIDDHI PROGRAM:
Topic: Government Policies and Interventions
- The ‘SVANidhi se Samriddhi’ initiative has been expanded by the Union Government to 126 cities across 14 states and union territories.
Scheme: ‘SVANidhi se Samriddhi’:
- It is an add-on to the core application.
- It was started by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs
- The project’s implementation partner is the Quality Council of India (QCI).
- Phase 1 of the campaign comprised 125 cities, including around 35 lakh street vendors and their families.
- The purpose is to equip street vendors with social security benefits in order to aid their holistic development and better their socioeconomic condition.
- As part of the programme, socioeconomic profiles of PM SVANidhi beneficiaries and their families are conducted in order to establish their eligibility for eight Government of India welfare schemes and to allow sanctioning of qualifying schemes.
The eight schemes are as follows:
- The Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana is a government-sponsored scheme.
- Suraksha Bima Yojana (Suraksha Bima Yojana) is a government-sponsored programme that helps low-income people.
- A government-sponsored scheme is the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana.
- Building and other construction workers’ employment and working conditions are regulated under the Act on the Regulation of Employment and Working Conditions for Building and Other Construction Workers (BOCW).
- MaandhanShram Yogi Yojana
- The National Food Security Act (NFSA) – One Nation, One Ration Card – provides a benefit of mobility (ONORC).
- Janani Suraksha Yojana and Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana
- It is a unique micro-credit facility that will offer a low-interest loan of up to $10,000 to over 50 lakh street vendors who established their businesses on or before March 24, 2020.
- The technical partner for the implementation of this scheme is the Small Industries Development Bank of India.
- It will manage loan guarantees to lending institutions through the Loan Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises.
The following loans are offered through the initiative:
- Vendors can apply for a working capital loan of up to $10,000, which is repayable over the course of a year in monthly instalments.
- If the loan is repaid on time or early, a 7% annual interest subsidy will be credited to borrowers’ bank accounts via Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) every six months.
- There will be no fines if the loan is repaid early.
- The plan covers vendors, hawkers, thelewalas, rehriwalas, and theliphadwalas who supply goods and services in various areas/contexts. Street vendors from the surrounding peri-urban/rural areas are also represented.
2 – DETAILS OF THE JALIANWALA BAGH MASSACRE:
Topic : Modern Indian History
- On April 13, 1919, British forces opened fire on unarmed Indians at Jallianwala Bagh, killing hundreds of people.
- On April 13, 2022, the 103rd anniversary of the tragedy will be commemorated.
In relation to the incident:
- Local residents in Amritsar decided to hold a meeting on that day, Baisakhi, to discuss and protest the detention of Satya Pal and Saifuddin Kitchlew, two leaders fighting for independence, as well as the implementation of the Rowlatt Act, which gave the British government the power to detain anyone without trial.
- The crowd included men, women, and children. They gathered in a park called the Jallianwala Bagh, which was fenced on all sides save for a few minor entries, against British orders. While the mob was gathered, Brigadier-General Reginald Edward Harry Dyer, who had crept up to the scene with the purpose of teaching the rabble a lesson, ordered 90 soldiers he had brought with him to open fire on them. Many people tried but failed to scale the walls in an attempt to flee. Several people jumped into the well in the park.
- General Dyer was removed of command and exiled to Britain after the carnage, receiving the moniker “The Butcher of Amritsar.”
- Rabindranath Tagore and Mahatma Gandhi, respectively, surrendered their British knighthoods and the Kaiser-i-Hind medal as a gesture of protest.
- In 1922, the British repealed the heinous Rowlett Act.
3 – ABOUT BIRSA MUNDA:
Topic: Modern Indian History
- The Union Education Minister, Dharmendra Pradhan, has published a book commemorating tribal freedom warrior Birsa Munda.
- The book ‘Birsa Munda – Janjatiya Nayak’ was written by Prof Alok Chakrawal, Vice-Chancellor of Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya, Bilaspur.
- The book is a comprehensive effort to bring Bhagwan Birsa Munda’s struggle and the role of forest dwellers in the liberation movement to the forefront.
Who exactly was he:
- Bisra Munda was a Munda tribe tribal freedom warrior and folk hero. In the nineteenth century, he was a leading factor behind the Millenarian movement that arose in British-colonized Bihar and Jharkhand. He is also known as ‘Dharti Abba,’ or the Earth Father.
- He was born on November 15th, 1875.
- Bisra wanted to change the tribal group, so he encouraged people to give up their witchcraft beliefs and focus instead on prayer, abstinence from alcohol, faith in God, and following a code of conduct. He formed the ‘Birsait’ faith on the basis of these.
- The ‘Ulgulan,’ or ‘Great Tumult,’ movement was formed by Bisra. In 1908, as a result of his campaign against exploitation and prejudice towards tribals, the Chotanagpur Tenancy Act was passed, dealing a huge blow to the British administration. The law made it illegal for tribal members to sell their land to non-tribal members.
Uprising in Munda:
- It is one of the world’s most important tribal movements.
- It was commanded by Birsa Munda in Ranchi’s south from 1899 to 1900.
According to the movement, the following forces contributed to the Mundas’ discontent:
- The land policies of the British government were destroying the country’s historic land structure.
- Hindu landowners and moneylenders were encroaching on their land.
- Their native culture was rebuked by the missionaries.
The Importance of the Munda Rebellion:
- It forced the colonial government to pass legislation to ensure that the tribals’ land was not easily taken over by dikus (Chotanagpur Tenancy Act, 1908).
- It revealed that tribal peoples can stand up against injustice and express their dissatisfaction with colonial power.
4 – DETAILS OF JULIUS NYRERE:
Prelims Specific Content
Prime Minister Modi paid tribute to former Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere on the 100th anniversary of his birth.
- On April 13, 1922, Nyerere, a Tanzanian anti-colonial activist, was born.
- He was Tanzania’s president from 1964 to 1985.
- From an ideological standpoint, he supported the Ujamaa political ideology.
- The worldview of the Ujamaa placed a significant focus on community living and brotherhood. Tanzania’s economic independence was essential, but Ujamaa’s local customs supported community reliance. The most important part of society, according to Ujamaa ideology, was the community.
5 – ABOUT THE RASHTRIYA GRAM SWARAJ ABHIYAAN:
Prelims Specific Content
A proposal to prolong the Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA), a scheme to develop Panchayati Raj institutions’ governance capacities, till 2025-26 has been approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA).
- In the years 2018 and 2019, it began.
- Among the plan’s objectives are “poverty-free and improved livelihood in villages,” “healthy villages, child-friendly villages,” “water-sufficient villages,” “clean and green villages,” “self-sufficient infrastructure in villages,” “socially secure villages,” “villages with good governance,” and “villages with engendered development.”
UPSC Civil Services Daily Current Affairs 15th April 2022
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