Sarat Chandra IAS Academy

UPSC Civils Daily Mains Question 07th June-2021

Despite the limited progress towards the goals and targets set for the last decade, the 2050 Vision for Biodiversity remains the benchmark guiding global action on biodiversity in the coming years. Suggest measures to place the global community on a path towards realizing the UN 2050 Vision for Biodiversity.

In support of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework, the UN Environment Programme and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre came up to develop a strategy that is expected to feed into the intercessional period for development, negotiation and implementation of the biodiversity framework, whilst also identifying elements that will foster transformational changes to make the 2050 vision a reality.

Measures to place the global community on a path towards realizing the UN 2050 Vision for Biodiversity

  • Conserving intact ecosystems, restoring ecosystems, combating and reversing degradation, and employing landscape level spatial planning to avoid, reduce and mitigate land-use change.
  • An integrated approach has to be built guaranteeing the water flows, improving water quality, protecting critical habitats, controlling invasive species and safeguarding connectivity to allow the recovery of freshwater systems from mountains to coasts.
  • Redesigning agricultural systems through agro ecological and other innovative approaches to enhance productivity while minimizing negative impacts on biodiversity
  • Protecting and restoring marine and coastal ecosystems, rebuilding fisheries and managing aquaculture and other uses of the oceans to ensure sustainability, and to enhance food security and livelihoods.
  • Deploying ‘green infrastructure’ and making space for nature within built landscapes to improve the health and quality of life for citizens and to reduce the environmental footprint of cities and infrastructure.
  • Employing nature-based solutions, alongside a rapid phase-out of fossil fuel use, to reduce the scale and impacts of climate change.
  • Managing ecosystems, including agricultural and urban ecosystems, as well as the use of wildlife, through an integrated approach, to promote healthy ecosystems and healthy people.

There is a need to strengthen coherence, synergies and governance, legal frameworks and enforcement of the rule of law. This could be achieved by: strengthening cooperation with and among developing countries to resolve issues of conflict and migration pressures on biodiversity; addressing human rights issues in relation to indigenous and local communities.

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