Sarat Chandra IAS Academy

UPSC Civils Daily Mains Question 31st March-2021

Discuss how Himalayan rivers are different from peninsular rivers?

Rivers are the lifelines of a country as they provide the most valuable thing required for the survival “the water”. The rivers in India can be categorized into two different categories based on their origin: The Himalayan Rivers and the Peninsular Rivers.


          Peninsular rivers                                         Himalayan rivers


Himalayan rivers Vs Peninsular rivers


Himalayan Rivers

Peninsular Rivers

These rivers originate from the Himalayan mountain ranges.

These rivers originate from the peninsular plateaus in India.

They are longer and larger than the peninsular rivers.

They are comparatively smaller and shorter than the Himalayan Rivers.

They have larger basins and catchment areas.

They have smaller basins and catchment areas.

The bedrocks of these rivers are soft, sedimentary and easily erodible.

The bedrocks of these rivers are hard, and not easily erodible.

They are perennial in nature, flow throughout the year.

They are seasonal and non-perennial so may not flow throughout the year.

They are fed by the meltwater from glaciers and rains.

They are fed only by rains.

They form V-shaped valleys.

They form U-shaped valleys.

They form meanders.

They may not form meanders.

They form big deltas at their mouths where they meet the sea.

They form small rivers and estuaries.

They are antecedent rivers, i.e. they maintain their original course and pattern in spite of the changes in the rock topography.

They are consequent rivers, i.e. they flow in the direction of the slope.

These rivers flow across the young fold mountains and are still in a youthful stage.

These rivers have been flowing in one of the oldest plateaus of the world and have reached maturity.

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