Sarat Chandra IAS Academy

UPSC Civils Daily Mains Question 31st May-2021

Technology and innovation can introduce significant improvement and services into health services. In this light, discuss the impact of technology in healthcare. 

Healthcare in India has been transformed over the last three decades. There is an improved index on life expectancy, infant mortality, and maternal deaths and of outcomes. Information technology and biotechnology are twin engines, with immense potential to transform healthcare delivery.

Impact of Technology on Healthcare

  • The use of artificial intelligence can support clinical diagnosis with evidence-based guidance, and also prevent disease.
  • From the virtual reality of 3D-printing we are now moving towards augmented reality (AR), by which every piece of node in a malignant melanoma can be completely removed. Thereby eliminating the risk of the cancer spreading to any other part of the body.
  • Biotechnology and genetics help in understanding of human life and disease and have made personalized medicine a way of life.
  • The CRISPR-Cas9 System is the remarkable recant breakthrough in genome editing technology,
  • Providing solar-powered systems across primary health centers can improve health outcomes
  • Integration Of automation in healthcare is of the biggest Shifts seeing today
  • Digitization of health services can take a long time When public health spending is less than and then expenditure is out of pocket.
  • Cloud computing allows doctors to access and compare patient data to be able to give better diagnosis and treatment to their patients.
  • E-commerce platforms enable easy distribution of healthcare products.

Way Forward

  • For India to grow, healthcare as an engine of the economy needs to flourish.
  • Given its technology talent pool, India has a lot to offer in the domain of healthcare technology and preventive health and predictive analytics.
  • India needs to rapidly adapt, embrace and drive change if it wishes to stay relevant in the global healthcare order.
  • We need to achieve a balance between technology and innovation and continue to deliver care, while finding efficient ways to lower the cost of care.

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