Sarat Chandra IAS Academy

UPSC Civils Daily Mains Question 5th May-2021

Q. The American Revolution, in addition to securing British rights for Americans, also became the first modern anti colonial revolution. Critically examine.

The American Revolution, which took place between 1765 and 1783, was a political upheaval during which colonists in the Thirteen North American Colonies of Great Britain rejected the British monarchy, overthrew the authority of Great Britain, won political independence and went on to form the United States of America. Americans defeated the British in the American Revolutionary War, thus becoming the United States of America.

 

Positive Effects:

?     America gained its independence.

?     Britain lost its standing as an “undefeated country.”

?     Democracy was able to spread and develop.

Negative Effects:

?     Many American and British soldiers had died during the war.

?     France had helped Americans during the Revolutionary War. After the war ended, France was left with huge debts. This later caused the French Revolution.

?     The Continental Army went home after the war, leaving the United States undefended (though the states had state militia troops that protected the country).

The subsequent success of the USA in world arena is a testimony to how powerful is the idea of liberal democracy and emancipation of the populace. This model was successfully emulated by many countries (especially in Europe) post World War II. India also has learned a lot from the American experience and adopted many of these democratic principles, adding to our own democratic socialist principles.

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