Sarat Chandra IAS Academy

28th November 2019 Current Affairs

1. Atapaka bird sanctuary

  • Atapaka Bird Sanctuary at Kolleru Lake has become a safe breeding ground for two migratory species namely, Grey Pelicans and Painted Storks.
  • The present water level in Kolleru Lake, including Atapaka Sanctuary, is posing a slight challenge for the birds to hunt their prey in the deep waters.
  • Grey Pelican and Painted Stork both are near threatened species under IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Kolleru Lake

  • Kolleru lake is located between the deltas of the Krishna and Godavari rivers in Andhra Pradesh.
    The lake serves as a natural flood-balancing reservoir for the two rivers.
  • It is an important habitat for an estimated 20 million residents and migratory birds like Grey or Spot-billed pelicans.
  • It was notified as a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1999 under India’s Wild Life Protection Act,1972.
  • It was declared a wetland of international importance in 2002 under Ramsar convention.

2. Saksahar Bharat

  • It was formulated in 2009 with the objective of achieving 80% literacy level at the national level, by focusing on adult women literacy.
  • It seeks to create awareness of social disparities and a person’s deprivation on the means for its amelioration and general well being.
  • It has four broader objectives-
  • Imparting functional literacy and numeracy to non-literates.
  • Acquiring equivalency to the formal educational system.
  • Imparting relevant skill development programme.
  • Promote a learning society by providing opportunities for continuing education.
  • The principal target of the programme is to impart functional literacy to 70 million non-literate adults in the age group of 15 years and beyond.
  • It is a centrally-sponsored scheme

3. Mita sakthi

  • The 7th edition of India-Sri Lanka joint military training exercise Mitra Shakti– 2019 is scheduled to be conducted in Pune from 01 – 14 December 2019.
  • The exercise aims to build and promote positive relations between armies of India and Sri Lanka for counter-insurgency & counter-terrorism operations in the urban and rural environment under United Nations mandate.
  • The joint exercise also aims for incorporating the current dynamics of United Nations peacekeeping operations through practical & comprehensive discussions and tactical exercises.

4. Emisson Gap report

  • The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) released  ‘Emissions Gap Report’, according to which India is the fourth-largest emitter of Green House Gases (GHGs).
  • The world will fail to meet the 1.5°C temperature goal of the Paris Agreement unless global greenhouse gas emissions fall by 7.6 per cent each year.
  • The top four emitters (China, USA, EU and India) contributed to over 55% of the total emissions over the last decade, excluding emissions from land-use change such as deforestation.
  • The rankings would change if land-use change emissions were included, with Brazil likely to be the largest emitter.
  • Sectors that are the largest emitters- Energy>Industry>Forestry>Transport>Agriculture>Building.
  • India is among a small group of countries that are on their way to achieve their self-declared climate targets under the Paris Agreement. However, the emissions largely depend on the growth of the economy of the country.

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