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UPSC Civil Services Daily Current Affairs 26th April 2022

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS ANALYSIS

26 APRIL 2022

 

 

 

S. No. Topic Name Prelims/Mains
1.     DETAILS OF THE DENGUE FEVER OUTBREAK Prelims & Mains
2.     ABOUT THE DRAFT PROTECTION AND ENFORCEMENT OF INTERESTS IN AIRCRAFT OBJECTS BILL 2022 Prelims & Mains
3.     DETAILS OF THE CHINA PAKISTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR Prelims & Mains
4.     ABOUT THE METEOR SHOWER Prelims Specific Topic
5.     ABOUT GO 111 Prelims Specific Topic

 

1 – DETAILS OF THE DENGUE FEVER OUTBREAK:

GS II
Health Related Issues 
  • Context:
  • Rajasthan reported 467 dengue cases from January 1 to April 12 even before the monsoon started.
  • In 2018, dengue fever was declared a perennial disease in the state.
  • It’s also a condition that must be disclosed.
  • Doctors and diagnostic institutes must report every case of dengue fever to the health authority.
  • What’s the source of worry:
  • The fact that Aedes aegypti mosquitos spread dengue illness even in the winter and before the rainy season worries the health department. The scenario, on the other hand, is not concerning.
  • What is the primary cause of the state’s dengue fever outbreak:
  • Inadequate techniques for reducing mosquito breeding sites and adult control.
  • There are no control mechanisms in place in that area.
  • Increases in the human population that have never been seen before.
  • Urbanization that is haphazard and unplanned.
  • Garbage disposal is insufficient.
  • Vector mosquito distribution and numbers have expanded as a result of man-made, ecological, and lifestyle changes.
  • Dengue Fever Facts:
  • Dengue fever is a global disease that affects individuals everywhere.
  • Dengue fever is transmitted by a female Aedes (Aedes) mosquito bite.
  • Aedes is a day feeder with a flight range of up to 400 metres.
  • Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne illness that affects the majority of individuals. Severe dengue infections, on the other hand, can be lethal.
  • According to WHO estimates, dengue fever affects 100-400 million people each year, with the global prevalence rising dramatically “in recent decades.”

 

2 – ABOUT THE DRAFT PROTECTION AND ENFORCEMENT OF INTERESTS IN AIRCRAFT OBJECTS BILL 2022:

GS II
 Government Policies and Interventions
  • Context:
  • Stakeholders have been asked to provide feedback on the proposed Protection and Enforcement of Interests in Aircraft Objects Bill, 2022, by the Ministry of Civil Aviation.
  • Some of the bill’s highlights are as follows:
  • The bill implements the terms of the Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipment and Protocol on Matters Specific to Aircraft Equipment, which were passed at a meeting in Cape Town in 2001.
  • Both instruments were signed by India in 2008.
  • Creditor default remedies are provided, as well as a legal framework for settling disputes.
  • When fully implemented, the rule will make it simpler for international aircraft leasing companies to repossess and transfer planes out of India in the case of a financial dispute with an Indian airline, at a time when many regional airlines are unable to hire jets.
  • The proposed law allows for the repossession of an aviation object, its sale or lease, or the collection of money from its use, as well as the de-registration and export of planes.
  • It also provides remedies while a claim is being adjudicated and protects a debtor’s claim from an Indian buyer during bankruptcy procedures.
  • A prerequisite for:
  • Several Indian laws, such as the Companies Act of 2013 and the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code,
  • According to the government, the Bankruptcy Code of 2016 is in contravention of the Cape Town Convention and Protocol.
  • According to the research, international financial institutions’ demands for regulatory enactment have harmed Indian businesses.
  • The Cape Town Convention on International Mobile Equipment Interests:
  • It is an international treaty aimed at making the transfer of movable property easier.
  • 83 nations, including India, have signed and ratified the Convention and Protocol.
  • The treaty defines international standards for the registration of contracts of sale, security interests, leases, and conditional sales contracts, as well as a variety of legal remedies for default in financing agreements, such as repossession and the impact of individual state bankruptcy laws.
  • The convention comprises four protocols, each of which is tailored to a certain type of mobile equipment:
  • Instrumentation for aircraft (aircraft and aircraft engines; signed in 2001).
  • Railway rolling stock is a type of rolling stock that is used on trains (signed in 2007).
  • Assets in orbit (signed in 2012).
  • Mining, agriculture, and construction equipment (signed in 2019).

 

3 – DETAILS OF THE CHINA PAKISTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR:

 GS II
 International Relations

 Context:

  • Pakistan’s new administration has dissolved the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor Authority, citing it as a “redundant organisation” that squandered resources and hindered the construction of the ambitious regional connectivity scheme.
  • Background:
  • The CPEC Authority was established in 2019 by an ordinance with the purpose of accelerating CPEC-related operations, identifying new growth drivers, and exploiting the potential of interconnected production networks and global value chains via regional and global connections.
  • CPEC is an acronym for Comprehensive Plan for Environmental Control.
  • The CPEC, which began operations in 2015, is the centrepiece of China’s multibillion-dollar Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), which is President Xi Jinping’s favourite project aimed at strengthening Beijing’s worldwide influence through China-funded infrastructure projects.
  • The 3,000-kilometer China–Pakistan Economic Corridor is made up of highways, railroads, and pipelines (CPEC).
  • CPEC aims to link the city of Gwadar in South Western Pakistan with China’s Xinjiang region in the northwestern province of Xinjiang via a massive network of motorways and trains.
  • The proposed project would be financed using heavily subsidised Chinese bank loans that will be distributed to the Pakistani government.
  • India is concerned for several reasons:
  • It progresses through PoK.
  • The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is predicated on a Chinese goal to secure and shorten supply routes through Gwadar, as well as a larger presence in the Indian Ocean. As a result, it is widely thought that after CPEC is done, India’s influence will be weakened by a major Chinese presence in the Indian Ocean.
  • According to others, if the CPEC succeeds in altering Pakistan’s economy, it will be a “red rag” for India, which will continue to benefit from a wealthier and stronger Pakistan.
  • Furthermore, both China and Pakistan have a substantial trust deficit with India, as well as a history of conflict with both. As a result, despite appeals for a more pragmatic approach to the project, no advocate has been able to overcome the basic tension threads that continue to afflict India’s relations with China and Pakistan.

 

4 – ABOUT THE METEOR SHOWER:

Prelims Specific Topic 
  • Context:
  • On April 22nd, the Lyric Meteor Showers peaked in the Indian sky, and will continue to pass over at a rate of around 10-15 meteors per hour until April 29th.
  • Lyrids are shards of Comet Thatcher, which is now orbiting the Earth at a distance of 1,610,000 kilometres.
  • In 45 years, comet Thatcher, which is now moving away from the Sun, will begin its trek back to the Sun.
  • Storm vs. Meteor Shower: What’s the Difference?
  • Every 33 years, a Leonid shower turns into a meteor storm, with hundreds to thousands of meteors.
  • Every hour, meteors can be seen.
  • A meteor storm must produce at least 1,000 meteors every hour. Thousands of meteors per minute fell into the Earth’s atmosphere over a 15-minute period during a Leonid storm in 1966.
  • This happened the last time in 2002.
  • What are meteor showers, and what causes them?
  • Comets discharge rock and ice particles into the atmosphere as they orbit the sun, generating meteors.
  • Meteor showers occur when Earth passes through the debris path left by a comet or an asteroid.
  • What Is the Difference Between an Asteroid, a Comet, a Meteoroid, a Meteor, and a Meteorite?
  • A stony body circling the Sun that is generally small and inactive is known as an asteroid.
  • Comet: A small, active object whose ices can evaporate in sunlight, producing a dust and gas environment (coma) as well as, on rare occasions, a dust and/or gas tail.
  • A meteoroid is a small comet or asteroid that orbits the Sun.
  • A shooting star is a light phenomena that occurs when a meteoroid penetrates and vaporises in the Earth’s atmosphere.
  • A meteoroid is a meteoroid that survives its voyage through the Earth’s atmosphere and lands on the surface.

 

5 – ABOUT GO 111:

Prelims Specific Topic 
  • Context:
  • Environmentalists and others have slammed the Telangana government for withdrawing the decree.
  • They believe that this will wreak havoc on the area’s vulnerable environment.
  • Go 111’s Background:
  • On March 8, 1996, the government of old (undivided) Andhra Pradesh issued the GO 111 order, forbidding the construction of industries, residential colonies, hotels, and other structures within a 10-kilometer radius of the catchment areas of the Osman Sagar and Himayat Sagar lakes.
  • By damming the Musi (also known as Moosa or Muchkunda) river, a major tributary of the Krishna, the reservoirs were erected to protect Hyderabad from floods.
  • The lakes were formed under the reign of the last nizam, Osman Ali Khan (1911-48).

UPSC Civil Services Daily Current Affairs 26th April 2022

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